USRRC 1963-1968; A Review

by pete on March 25, 2014

The Storm before the Thunder

The United States Road Racing Championship, thankfully USRRC for short, was an amazing era that put an end to one epoch and played midwife to the next. For six years, from 1963 to 1968, the then-revolutionary professional SCCA series provided excellent racing and wonderful memories (as well as rock and roll songs and some not too bad grade B movies with notable stars).

The new series exploded with a huge noise which announced in no uncertain terms the dominance of the American V8. Ferraris and Maseratis would no longer rule the big bore classes, primarily because they weren’t big enough; nothing would succeed like cubic inches in this brave new world where over two liters meant unlimited displacements.

It was not just the massive influx of cubic inches but the rear engine revolution, a field in which Maserati and Ferrari were not exactly making great strides.

Good memories. This is the race program from the 1964 Mid Ohio USRRC.

Although there were earlier successful examples of the sports car rear engine syndrome, particular with Porsche, it was perhaps the Zerex Special of Roger Penske that brought home the point emphatically. To watch and listen to Penske at work with his envelope-bodied Cooper-Climax F1 car was a sight and sound to behold. Soon his crowd was doing him one better, stuffing Fords and Chevys into the tight little tails of every Cooper Monaco and Lotus 19 they could find. And like Penske, they wanted to race for dollars. And thus, the seeds of the Can Am era were sown, and racing would never be the same again.

Ed Cantrell's Ferrari 250GTO at the 63 Pensacola USRRC Manufacturers Race. He finished third behind the GTO's of Mike Gammino and Roger Penske. Such Italian success was short lived. Photo by Bill Brannon courtesy Bob Brannon.

USRRC, A record of the United States Road Racing Championship 1963-1968 is an enthusiastic book which documents that exciting, noisy, time, in a way reflecting the social changes that were taking place in the nation, while proving that American know-how and muscle would finally prevail, at least on the racetrack. The cars, too, were in transition. During the first year, front engine cars like the Chaparral 1 and the Meister Brauser Scarabs were still competitive, and some races featured epic battles between the Ferrari GTO, the lightweight Jags and the Corvettes. But by the end of the series, no competitive sports racer had a front engine. Professional or amateur, rear engine or front, European vs American all these differences played out in a spectacular fashion on the grids of the American racetracks.

1963, Laguna Seca. The front engined Scarab of Don Devine gets by a Lotus 23 driven by Bill Molle. But the end for the front engined cars was in sight. Photo by Allen R. Kuhn

The USRRC did not adhere to the earlier multi-class SCCA system. Instead, there was a Manufacturers Race and Championship for cars like the Cobra, Corvette and other GT cars over two liters, and a Drivers Race and Championship with two classes, again over and under two liters which consisted of out and out sports racers. This ideal simplicity was lost due to a rather complex system of points scoring, which eventually allowed George Follmer to win the Drivers Championship in 1965 driving an under two liter Lotus Porsche over a perturbed Jim Hall who won six races overall with his Chevy powered Chaparral. Other champions included Bob Holbert, Charlie Parsons and in the last two years, Mark Donohue, who teamed up with former driver Roger Penske in what would be a long running and successful relationship.

Hall and Sharp dominated the 1965 season with the Chaparrals. Sharp won here at Mid-Ohio with the 2A but Follmer won the Drivers Championship in a Lotus-Porsche. Photo by Dave Arnold.

Author Mike Martin attended his first professional race in 1966 at Pacific Raceways and was immediately drawn into the scene as he witnessed coming-man Mark Donohue win his first USRRC. As Martin points out, there are books about the SCCA, the Trans Am and the Can Am, but none so far on this exciting series that bridged the old SCCA amateur series with the fully professional Can Am series of the 1960s and ‘70s. Twenty years ago he found that no one had bothered to do a book on the USRRC and he made it his project. Fifty one years after the first USRRC event Mike’s huge 344 page 12 x 9 inch opus on the subject was finally published.

Fortunately, Martin’s USRRC appears as a fully professional work from the glossy box to the jacketed hardback cover and heavyweight inside paper with excellent layout; it is almost as good as anything produced by top publishers like Dalton Watson. The foreword is by USRRC racer George Follmer, who was the 1965 Champion. Martin’s text consists primarily of covering each of the fifty two events in chronological order and the race reports are clear, well written and just long enough to cover the event without becoming redundant. There are full results with as much information as can be found, as well as color program covers from every event as well, adding a nice and consistent touch. We noted only a couple of caption errors out of the four hundred. Martin also perhaps wisely did not attempt to list serial numbers, as many of the cars were one –off specials and there were few Maseratis and Ferraris in the fray. There is a brief index and a much more complete section dealing with the layout of each one of the tracks used in the series and an appendix of statistics.

Mark Donohue in the pits 1966. The beginning of a great team. Penske leans over the Lola T70 with the pit board. Photo by Dave Arnold.

The over-400 photos were accumulated from a long list of photographers and resources such as The Henry Ford museum/David Freidman, Revs/Collier and most are excellent. In some cases, even though the shot was not entirely suitable or out of focus, it was included to augment the record. A few lost focus as they were expanded to fit the book’s large format, but these few do not detract from the book. In this age of perfect digital photography, we often forget how really tough getting good racing shots were in the era of heavy long lenses with manual focus and slow speed film.

Along with Terry O’Neil’s work on the U.S. Northeast and Bahamas racing scene and Willem Oosthoek’s Racing in the South, Martin’s USRRC significantly adds to the history of automobile racing in the United States. It’s a great effort and certainly much needed. Martin hopes to continue as a publisher, with several books in the queue about American sports car racing. With this book, he is on his way.

USRRC, A record of the United States Road Racing Championship 1963-1968
Dead Pedal Press, Seattle Washington
Boxed, Hardcover, 348 glossy pages, 400 b&w and color illustrations
ISBN 978-0-9857300-1-1
$100.00 plus shipping
Order From or use Paypal address:

For U.S. residents this will be available directly from the author, for $115 ($100 + $15 for shipping). Washington State residents will have to pay $125 ($100 + $10 tax + $15 shipping).
For Canadian residents the price is $150 US, which includes shipping.
The price including shipping for European residents is $170.

Only 1,000 copies are being printed, with 900 available for sale.

You can also send a check to:

Mike Martin
6043 – 45th Ave SW
Seattle, WA 98136-1426

Questions can be sent to the author at:

This book may also be purchased at the following retail shops:

Auto Books-Aero Books
2900 W. Magnolia Ave
Burbank, CA 91505
phone: 818-845-0707

In Canada at:

Wilkinson’s Automobilia
2531 Ontario St
Vancouver, BC V5T 2X7
phone: +1 604-873-6242

{ 6 comments… read them below or add one }

Tom Schultz March 25, 2014 at 1:59 pm

I look forward to reading this book. It is a history that begs to be told, and thanks to Mike, it is being told.

One correction in your review. Roger Penske did NOT win at Road America in 1962, either in his Cooper Zerex Special or any other car. The two races at Road America in 1962 were both won by Chaparrals. Jim Hall won the June Sprints, and the team of Hall and Hap Sharp won the 500. Penske won the 1961 June Sprints, but in a Maserati Tipo 61.

pete March 25, 2014 at 2:47 pm

Thanks Tom, you are correct and we’ve fixed the error.

Bill Fraley March 26, 2014 at 2:52 pm

Thank you…..I know your task had to be fun.
I bought the 1966 white Nickey McLaren-Elva driven by Charlie Hayes in the USRRC/early Can-Am….from Brett Lunger and George Alderman, in 1969.
I’m pitching my son for a copy today.
Any not-published photos of my car I am interested in seeing….I have purchased great shots from Dave Friedman as well.
I can’t wait to read cover to cover!!

Jin Sitz March 27, 2014 at 12:28 am

Really looking forward to this book dealing with an important time in American motor racing, It would appear the book is comprehensive and well researched.
It was an exciting time and evolution . should revive some great memories !

Jim Sitz

Dieter Schambach May 8, 2014 at 3:58 pm

As a former twelve year resident of Seattle and during that time a regular at Pacific Raceways for SCCA Nationals and Regionals, the USRRC with the Donahues, Motschenbachers, Revsons, Burnetts and, and, and …was a highlight in this live long racing aficionado’s fascination with motorsports.
And what a spectator friendly atmosphere it was. You could actually stroll through the gravel surfaced pits and talk to your heroes…..

Wayne G Taylor (Australia) July 11, 2015 at 6:36 pm

The author has combined factual race summaries with comprehensive photography. In so many ways the 1960’s gave us an exhilarating new world and a history of this series encapsulates the amazing transition from amateur sports car racing to America’s dominance at home and on the international stage. More importantly, Mike Martin’s book does not dwell on whether the drivers wore nice overalls or had seven wives; he gives us the essence of what auto racing is about. Through his concise and unsentimental text and choice of photographs he brings each race alive so the reader can feel the sun at Pensacola, and rain at Daytona, the speed and the heady aroma of hot oil and tyre smoke. No true motor sport enthusiast’s library anywhere in the world could be considered comprehensive without this masterful and definitive monster book.

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